New York Non-Profit Revitalization Act of 2013 Signed Into Law
In December 2013, NY Governor Cuomo signed the NY Non-profit Revitalization Act of 2013 (“Act”) which is the first major overhaul of significant changes for NY Non-profit Corporation Law in decades. Effective July 1, 2014, the Act applies to any nonprofit organization that is incorporated in New York or operates or solicits charitable contributions in New York. The purpose of the Act is to improve governance and operations, reduce redundancies and increase accountability.
The key significant changes impacted by the Act are as follows:
Conflict of Interest Policy
The Act requires a conflict of interest policy for all organizations to cover officers, directors, and key employees. The Act outlines specifics for the conflict of interest policy and defines the policy and process. A written statement of any conflicts is required to be signed by new directors, officers or key employees joining the board and must be signed annually by all board members. Typically a conflict of interest policy must include:
- a definition of circumstances that constitute a conflict of interest;
- procedures for disclosing conflicts to the audit committee or the board if there is no audit committee;
- a requirement that conflicted persons not be present at or participate in board or committee deliberations or voting on the matter giving rise to the conflict;
- a prohibition against any attempt by a conflicted person to wrongly influence deliberations or votes on the matter giving use to the conflict;
- a requirement that the existence and resolution of the conflict be documented in the organization’s records, including minutes;
- procedures for disclosing, addressing, and documenting related party transactions; and
- a requirement that directors before initial election and annually thereafter, must complete, sign and disclose potential conflicts of interest to the best of the directors knowledge.
The Act requires a whistleblower protection policy be implemented for organizations with more than 20 employees and annual revenue in the prior fiscal year in excess of $1 million. The whistleblower policy should protect from retaliation persons who report suspected improper conduct. The whistleblower protection policy must:
- include steps for reporting violations of laws or corporate policies;
- an employee, officer or director be designated to administer the whistleblower policy and report to the audit committee (or board if no audit committee); and
- a copy be distributed to all directors, officers, employees and volunteers annually.
The Act defines and creates procedures for ‘related parties’ and requires the board approval by a majority vote for any related party transactions. “Related party” means any director, officer, trustee, or key employee of the corporation or any affiliate of the corporation, any relative of such persons, or any entity in which such a person or a relative has a 35% or greater ownership or beneficial interest, or, if the entity is a partnership, a direct or indirect ownership exceeding 5%. The board should ensure and document in the minutes that the related party transactions are fair, reasonable and in the best interest of the non-profit so that action will not have to be taken by the NY attorney general for violations.
The Act requires a designated audit committee for charitable organizations that are required to file an audit report with the state. The audit committee must consist of “independent directors” (see below) and is accountable for overseeing the audit process, communicating with the auditor, retaining an independent audit firm and reviewing the audit results, and implementing and overseeing governance policies such as the Conflicts of Interest and Whistleblower Policies noted above.
The Act defines the criteria for an “Independent Director” including limitations on current and former employees, vendors meeting a minimum compensation threshold (exceeds lesser of $25,000 or 2% of gross revenues in any of last 3 fiscal years), relatives of the organization’s current and former employees, beneficiaries of the organization, donors and past/present board members.
The Act will not allow employees from serving as chair of the board or in a similar officer-type position effective as of January 1, 2015.
The Act also deals with decisions related to compensation paid to officers, directors and key employees to ensure they are in the best interest of the non-profit and are fair, reasonable and commensurate with the services provided to the organization or the NY attorney general may bring action.
The Act allows the use of electronic methods of communication (fax, email, Skype and video-conferencing) related to board meeting notifications, waivers of notice of meetings, voting and meeting attendance. Each method of communication must continue to have required signatures and/or show authorization.
Rules Around Mergers, Acquisitions and Real Estate Transactions
The Act allows for an easier process to obtain board approval for the merger, acquisition, sale, mortgage or lease of real-estate. For example, permitting a majority vote of the board rather than a two-thirds vote to approve non-substantial real-estate transactions.
The Act changes the incorporation requirement for certain organizations with an educational purpose whereby they no longer have to file with the NYS Commissioner of Education unless they are a non-profit operating school, library, museum or historical society (does not apply to colleges/universities), but rather notify the State Education Department of their formation after incorporation.
The Act updated the classification system used to categorize different types of non-profit organizations by eliminating the Type A, B, C and D classifications to either “charitable” (types Band C and some D) or “non-charitable” entities (type A and all other type D entities). The Act defines “charitable purposes” as charitable, educational, religious, scientific, literary, cultural, or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals, and all corporations formed for such purposes are charitable corporations; all other nonprofit corporations formed are non-charitable.
Annual Reporting Requirement
The Act increases the gross revenues thresholds for annual report filing requirements for organizations as noted in the table below, and increased the fee payable to the NY Attorney General from $10 to $25 where applicable.
|Gross Revenues||Unaudited Financial Report on Form Provided by the Attorney General||Independent CPA Review Report||Independent CPA Audit Report|
|Current||$100,000 or less||More than $100,000 but not more than $250,000||More than $250,000|
|Effective July 1, 2014||$250,000 or less||More than $250,000 but not more than $500,000||More than $500,000|
|Effective July 1, 2017||$250,000 or less||More than $250,000 but not more than $750,000||More than $750,000|
|Effective July 1, 2021||$250,000 or less||More than $250,000 but not more than $1,000,000||More than $1,000,000|
In summary, the purpose of the Act is to make significant changes to enhance governance policies, procedures and oversight, and reduce the unnecessary burden for smaller non-profit organizations. Non-profit organizations impacted by the Act should review their existing internal controls, by-laws, policies and procedures to ensure they are in compliance with the Act. For further details see http://open.nysenate.gov/legislation/bill/S5845-2013.